William Shakespeare Biography
William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet, and actor born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest playwrights in history, and his works have been translated into every major living language.
Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful businessman and local politician, and Mary Arden, the daughter of a wealthy landowner. He was likely educated at the local grammar school in Stratford, but little is known about his early years.
In 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children. By the late 1580s, he had moved to London and was working as an actor and playwright. He quickly gained success and acclaim, writing plays for the Lord Chamberlain's Men, a company of actors that later became the King's Men.
Shakespeare's plays cover a wide range of topics and themes, from romantic comedies like "A Midsummer Night's Dream" to tragedies like "Hamlet" and historical dramas like "Henry V." He also wrote a number of sonnets, which were published in 1609.
Shakespeare continued to work in the theater until his retirement in 1613, when he returned to Stratford. He died there in 1616 at the age of 52, and was buried in the chancel of the Holy Trinity Church. Today, his works are studied and performed around the world, and he is considered one of the greatest writers in the English language.
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