Joseph Addison Biography
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Joseph Addison was an English essayist, poet, and politician who was born on May 1, 1672 in Milston, Wiltshire, England. He was the eldest son of Lancelot Addison, a Church of England clergyman. He attended the Charterhouse School in London and then studied at Oxford University.
In 1693, he began his career as a writer with the publication of a poem in the Oxford University magazine. He also wrote for several other publications, including The Tatler and The Spectator. His essays in The Spectator, which he co-founded with Sir Richard Steele, were widely read and influential in the 18th century.
Addison also had a successful career in politics, serving as a member of Parliament and as a government official. He was appointed Secretary of State for the Southern Department in 1717, a position he held until 1718.
In addition to his writing and political career, Addison was also known for his social and literary connections. He was a close friend of Alexander Pope and was a member of the literary group known as the Kit-Kat Club.
Addison died on June 17, 1719 in Holland Park, London, England, due to tuberculosis. His works, including The Spectator, remain popular and influential to this day.